Abstracts from The Production of Culprits: From Deportability to Detainability in the Aftermath of “Homeland Security”-Nicholas De Genova

Terrorism has replaced the ideological role of Communism (421)

Citing Amy Kaplan, “Although homeland security may strive to cordon off the nation as a domestic space from external foreign threats, it is actually about breaking down the boundaries between inside and outside, about seeing the homeland in a state of constant emergency from threats within and without… to generate forms of radical insecurity” (423)

Cold War immigration legislation-Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952-included anti-communist idealogical requirements for immigration as a matter of internal security (423)

2003 INS absorbed in Dept of Homeland Security, Border Protection, Antiterrorism and Illegal Immigration Control Act (HR 437) passed in December 2005, demonstrations by immigrants throughout US cities, ended with Secure Fence Act of 2006-creating more fence at  the border (contracted by subsidiary of Halliburton(425))

“Much, then, revolves around the economy of ‘illegality’ that renders a migrant or other foreign visitor more or less subject to the caprices of the Rule of Law.”

“What has made deportability so decisive for migrant “illegality” and the policing of state borders, ultimately, is that some are deported in order that most may remain (un-deported)” (426)

1930s massive deportations, immediately following a mass importation of Mexican/migrant labor driven primarily by a voracious employer demand during the period from 1910 to 1930

1954-1955 Operation Wetback

“more fundamental and general ‘revolving door’ pattern of simultaneous deportations coupled with an overall mass importation, which has long been the defining feature of Mexican migrant labor” (427)

“what the history of Mexican migration to the US makes abundantly clear and irrefutable is the crucial relation between migrant ‘illegality’ and labor subordination” (427)

“The productivity of immigration law in creating and sustaining distinctive forms of pronounced and protracted legal vulnerability for particular migrants, therefore, is inextricable from the specifically economic profitability of migrant deportability” (427)


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