Mexico

According to the CIA Factbook

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States

President: Felipe Calderón

Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; Mexico’s coat of arms (an eagle with a snake in its beak perched on a cactus) is centered in the white band; green signifies hope, joy, and love; white represents peace and honesty; red stands for hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor; the coat of arms is derived from a legend that the wandering Aztec people were to settle at a location where they would see an eagle on a cactus eating a snake; the city they founded, Tenochtitlan, is now Mexico City

Area:
total: 1,964,375 sq km
country comparison to the world: 14
land: 1,943,945 sq km
water: 20,430 sq km
Natural Resources:
petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Population:
113,724,226 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
Population Growth Rate:
1.102% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
Net Migration Rate:
-3.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
Urbanization:
urban population: 78% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: Mexico City is the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, after Sao Paulo (Brazil), but before New York-Newark (US)
Major cities:
MEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.47 years
country comparison to the world: 72
male: 73.65 years
female: 79.43 years (2011 est.)
Ethnic groups:
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Religions:
Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1% (2000 census)
Languages:
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.1%
male: 86.9%
female: 85.3% (2005 Census)
Human Development Index (HDI):
country comparison to the world: 58
GDP:
$1.039 trillion (2010 est.)
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):
$1.567 trillion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
$1.486 trillion (2009 est.)
$1.582 trillion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP (per capita):
$13,900 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
$13,400 (2009 est.)
$14,400 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
Unemployment rate:
5.4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
5.5% (2009 est.)
note: underemployment may be as high as 25%
Population Below Poverty Line:
18.2%
note: based on food-based definition of poverty; asset based poverty amounted to more than 47% (2008)
Gini Index:
48.2 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 27
53.1 (1998)
Public Debt:
36.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
36.9% of GDP (2009 est.)
Inflation:
4.2% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
5.3% (2009 est.)
Exports:
$298.5 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
$229.7 billion (2009 est.)
Imports:
$306 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
$234.4 billion (2009 est.)
Import Partners:
US 48%, China 13.9%, Japan 4.9%, South Korea 4.7%, Germany 4.2% (2009)
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